Законодательство




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PART I

Unit 1. What is Customs?

1.1. Read and remember the words given:

Customs – таможня;

authority – полномочный орган, официальный орган;

to be responsible for – быть ответственным за что-либо;

safeguarding – обеспечение безопасности, принятие мер предосторожности;

hazardous – опасный, рискованный;

legislation – законодательство;

to enforce – навязывать, принудительно осуществлять;

immigration authority – иммиграционные власти;

to apprehend – арестовывать;

arrest warrants – постановление о задержании.
^ 1.2. Scan the text.

Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting and safeguarding customs duties and for controlling the flow of goods including animals, personal effects and hazardous items in and out of a country. Depending on local legislation and regulations, the import or export of some goods may be restricted or forbidden, and the customs agency enforces these rules. The customs LEBA may be different from the immigration authority, which monitors persons who leave or enter the country, checking for appropriate documentation, apprehending people wanted by international arrest warrants, and impeding the entry of others deemed dangerous to the country.

A customs duty is a tariff or tax on the export of goods. Commercial goods not yet cleared through customs are held in a customs area, often called a bonded store, until processed. All authorized ports are recognized customs area.
^ 1.3. Write down different types of questions to the text helping its better understanding.

Unit 2. The History of Customs

(Russia, USA, Great Britain)

2.1. Pre-text Assignments

2.1.1 Check up the meaning of the following verbs:

predate, originate, collect, purchase allow, verify, defend, create, trade, approve.
^ 2.1.2. Learn the following vocabulary:

  1. seal

  2. enforcement



  3. yoke

  4. merchant

  5. princedom

  6. to hand down

  7. on pain of confiscation

  8. significant

  9. to put into power

  10. life-and-death mission

  11. on the brink of bankruptcy

  12. miscellaneous

  13. fiscal prop

  14. maxim

  15. amendment

  16. income tax

  17. major source of revenue

  18. proliferation




клеймо, печать;

обеспечение, соблюдение законодательства;

иго;

купец;

княжество;

записать;

под угрозой конфискации;

значительный;

привести в действие;

миссия жизни и смерти;

на грани банкротства;

различный, разнообразный;

фискальный сбор;

аксиома, изречение, сентенция;

поправка;

подоходный налог;

основной источник дохода;

распространение, быстрое увеличение.



^ 2.2. Read the text and translate it using the dictionary.

Text A

The History of Russian Customs

The current Russian word for Customs, tamozhnya, originated in the times of the Mongol-Tatar yoke. The word tamga, in Tatar, meant "a Customs tax, the official who collected it, and the stamped seal or statement verifying that it had been paid".

Each market had its tamozhnya, and the right to collect duties could be purchased from the State. This right was often acquired by powerful merchants.

The Russian Customs Service, however, predates even the Mongol Yoke. Some three centuries before, in Kievan Rus, taxes were collected for the transportation of goods through the frontiers of its individual princedoms.

Thus, Russia has had a Customs Service in some form for the past 1000 years. The first Russian Customs statute was handed down in 1667. It was strict towards foreigners, who were allowed to trade only in frontier towns on pain of confiscation. Every tsar, from Peter the Great to Nicolas II, approved laws limiting the import of foreign goods and defending Russian producers.

During the Soviet period foreign trade was strictly monopolized in the USSR and Customs neither had any significant function in the economy or played any important role.

Much was done to create Customs legislation in Russia in the period 1991–94. Two important laws were adopted: "The Customs Code of the Russian Federation" and "On Customs Tariff" All provisions and regulations in these documents are of the world standard.

Russia has the world's longest border to police, much of it newly created and has a modern, multi-functioning Customs Service. It carries out the same functions as the Customs of other developed countries: fiscal functions, regulation oа foreign trade by means of tariff and non-tariff methods, law enforcement, collection and keeping of customs statistics concerning foreign trade, etc.
^ 2.2.1. Give the English equivalents of the following collocations:

fiscal function customs legislation non-tariff method

law enforcement tariff method foreign trade regulation
2.2.2. Find in the text the words which follow the verbs below:

to collect to keep out to approve to limit

to defend to bring to create to carry out
^ 2.2.3. Find the words/phrases in the text which have the following meanings:

  1. to give, to pass 5) function of public revenue

  2. to show the truth of 6) benefit, profit

  3. borders 7) to adopt (a law)

  4. at the risk of 8) renewal of friendly relations


^ 2.2.4. What words in the text mean:

  1. to buy, to get

  2. to keep safe, to guard

  3. rule made by authority


2.2.5. Match left and right.

1) The Russian Customs Service

has been much more than ...

  1. the protection of the economic
    interests of the country.

  1. Foreigners were allowed to trade only in frontier towns…

  1. the internal economy and world market.

  1. Every tsar approved laws defending…

  1. a force for keeping out contraband.




  1. Now the role of Customs is to be a guide for…

  1. the world community.







  1. The main task of the Russian Customs is...




  1. market economy regulation.




  1. The Customs tariff, in practice, is not an economic and trade…

  1. Russian producers.





^ 2.3. Be ready to talk about the main periods of the Russian Customs development using the information given below.


10th century

1137

16th century

1653

1755

December 14, 1924

December 19, 1928

October 25, 1991

August 4, 1985


Customs Service in Kievan Rus

First Customs House in Novgorod

the appearance of the Customs Charter introduction of the Trade Statute

First Customs Code

Customs Statute of the USSR

first Customs Code of the USSR

Decree "On the State Customs Committee of the Russian Federation"

Decree by the President of the Russian Federation setting October 25 as Russian Customs Officer's Day


^ 2.4. Write an abstract of the text. See Grammar in Use section if necessary.
2.5. Read the text and translate it using the dictionary.

Text B

History of the U.S. Customs Service

The U.S. Customs Service has a long history. With ratification by the necessary number of states, the Constitution of the United States went into effect on March 4, 1789. A bit more than four months later, on July 31 of that year, the U.S. Customs Service started operating, among the very first of the federal agencies to come to life. It was given a life-and-death mission.

The young nation was then on the brink of bankruptcy. The first Congress and President Washington agreed that the collection of duties on imported goods was essential if the United States were to survive.

Only a few days after Customs drew its first breath, on August 5, 1789, the power of the service went from theory to reality when Captain James Weeks sailed his brigatine, Persis, into New York harbor with a miscellaneous cargo from Leghorn, Italy. The duty on the cargo – the first such payment ever made to the United States Treasury – was $774.41.

While the payment was modest, it was the initial fiscal prop for a very young and shaky government. More was to come. In its first year of operation, the service collected over $2 million in duties. And for the next 124 years – until that moment in 1913 when the amendment authorizing the income tax was approved – customs remained a major source of revenue for the federal government. Thus the Customs Service, especially in the early years of the nation, proved the truth of that profound maxim: "the revenue of the state is the state."

As described in the strategic plan of the U.S. Customs, the agency faces five distinct strategic challenges. They are: the continued threat of narcotics smuggling, terrorists, the growth of world trade, the proliferation of trade agreements and general public resistance to increasing the budget of the federal government.
^ 2.5.1. What do these numbers and dates mentioned in the text refer to:

124 $2 million 1913 March 4 $774.41 1789
2.5.2. Match these statements as true or false:

  1. The Constitution of the USA went into effect on July 31, 1789.

  2. The agency faces four strategic challenges.

  3. In its first year of operation the service collected over $2 million in duties.

  1. Customs remained a major source of revenue for the federal government until the income tax was approved.

5) The U.S. Customs Service was among the very first of the federal agencies to come to life.
^ 2.5.3. Write an abstract of the text.
2.6. Do you know that on a typical day, U.S. Customs and Border Protection ...

Protects more than:

95,000 miles of shoreline

5,000 miles of border with Canada

1,900 miles of border with Mexico

Manages:

between the ports of entry

317 ports of entry

20 sectors with 33 border checkpoints

Processes more than:

1.1 million passengers and pedestrians, including 724,192 aliens, 64,432 truck, rail, and sea containers, 2,639 aircraft, 365,079 vehicles, 75,734 merchandise entries, and collected $74 million in revenue
Executes more than: Refuses entry of:

135 arrests at ports of entry 1,237 non-citizens at our ports of entry

3,179 arrests between ports of entry 54 criminal aliens attempting to enter

the United States

Seizes an average of:

2,313 pounds of narcotics in 131 narcotic seizures at our ports of entry 3,634 pounds of narcotics in 24 seizures between our ports of entry $205,576 in currency; 193 firearms; 49 vehicles between our ports of entry 4,224 prohibited plant materials or animal products, including 189 significant agriculture pest interceptions at our ports of entry.
Rescues more than: Intercepts more than:

4 illegal crossers in dangerous 210 fraudulent documents

conditions between our ports of entry 1 traveler for terrorism/national

security concerns; 1 stowaway
^ 2.7. Read the text and translate it using the dictionary.

Text B

History of the UK Customs Service

In the Kingdom of England, customs duties were typically part of the customary revenue of the king, and therefore did not need parliamentary consent to be levied, unlike excise duty, land tax, or other forms of taxes.

The Board of Customs, responsible for collecting His or Her Majesty's Customs, had a very long history. Originally, the term customs meant any customary payments or duties of any kind (for example, to the king, or a bishop, or the church), but later became restricted to duties payable to the king on the import or export of goods. The centralised English customs system can be traced to the Winchester Assize of 1203-4, in the reign of King John, from which time customs were to be collected and paid to the State Treasury. Legislation concerning customs can be traced to King Edward I. Under the nova custuma in 1275, Collectors of Customs were appointed by Royal patent and, in 1298, custodes custumae were appointed in certain ports to collect customs for the Crown. The first Customs officers were appointed in 1294, and later on included Geoffrey Chaucer, Thomas Paine, Robert Burns and Richard Whittington (also known as Dick Whittington).

A Board of Customs was effectively created by ordinance on 21 January 1643, under which the regulation of the collection of customs was entrusted to a parliamentary committee.

Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (HMRC) (Welsh: Cyllid a Thollau Ei Mawrhydi), the part of Board of Customs, is a non-ministerial department of the British Government primarily responsible for the collection of taxes and the payment of some forms of state support.

HMRC was formed by a merger of the Inland Revenue and Her Majesty's Customs and Excise and came into formal existence on 18 April 2005. The department's logo is the St. Edward's Crown enclosed within a circle.


^ 2.7.1. Answer the following questions:

  1. What were the customs duties part of?

  2. What was The Board of Customs responsible for?

  3. What did the word "customs" mean originally?

  4. What events happened in 1275 and 1298?

  5. When was HMRC founded?

  6. What is HMRC responcible for?


^ 2.8. Grammar Assignments.
2.8.1. Find in the texts some sentences in the Active Voice, copy them into your exercise books, give simple grammar analysis of these sentences.
2.8.2. Find in the text some sentences in the Passive Voice, copy them into your exercise books, give simple grammar analysis of these sentences.
^ 2.8.3. Find in the text sentences with the Participles and define their forms and functions. See Grammar in Use section if necessary.
2.8.4. Read the following text and fill in the gaps with suitable words given below:

The U.S. Customs and Border Protection Mission Statement

We are the ….. of our Nation's borders. We are America's frontline.

We …… the American homeland at and …….. our borders.

We …… the American public against terrorists and the instruments of terror.

We steadfastly enforce the laws of the United States while our Nation's economic security through lawful international trade and travel.

We serve the American public with ….., integrity and professionalism.

safeguard guardians beyond protect fostering vigilance
^ 2.8.5. Use the verbs given in brackets in Past Simple to complete the text:

History of Russian Passports and Citizenship

In the 16th–17th centuries it 1) (be) necessary to obtain a special document from the tsar which 2) (give) permission to go abroad, since departure from the country was strictly limited. During the reign of Peter the Great hundreds of young Russians 3) (go) to Western Europe to study. But by the end of the epoch of Catherine the Great, the State put a lot of obstacles to foreign travel because of the fear of revolutionary ideas that 4) (can) come from Europe.

Nicholas I 5) (forbid) the education of children abroad and, consequently, created lots of work for foreign teachers in Russia. It was only Alexander II who
6) (allow) youths to study abroad after reaching age 17. Other restrictions were cancelled in 1881. Young people under age 20 were allowed to leave Russia only if they 7) (have) serious reasons to go, such as education, medical treatment or trade. The Russian Empire had no domestic passports. They 8) (be) made only for travel abroad and were valid for 5 years. Every 6 years anyone, who was absent from Russia, had to pay a tax, equal to 15 roubles.
^ 2.8.6. Put the verbs in brackets using ing-forms or Participle II:

Soviet period

After 1917 the practice of 1) (issue) passports for travel abroad remained the same. They were valid for 6 months and then could be 2) (prolong) for an-other half a year or even a longer period but only by special solicitation. The control over all those who crowed the border was very strict. 3) (accord) to the Rules 4) (adopt) in 1922, one could go abroad only by permission of a special governmental department.

At the same time, 5) (gain) the Russian citizenship in 1918 was very simple: a man needed only to apply to the Department of Foreign Affairs. It was only in 1921 that the government took away the citizenship of all those people who had left the country before the revolution and who had been living abroad for five years.

The USSR was created in 1922 and in 1924 Soviet citizenship was introduced. Passports were 6) (give) only to those who went abroad. In 1925 three types of documents appeared: diplomatic passports (green), official ones (for those who went abroad for business, they were blue) and passports for other citizens (red).This system was 7) (maintain) almost till the end of the 20th century. The situation 8) (concern) domestic passports is also worthy of our attention. After 1917 everybody's identity could be 9) (establish) by any document with a photo and a stamp. Until 1923 issuing such documents was a very simple process: every governmental organization had the right lo prepare them. Nevertheless, by the end of the 1920s this anarchy could not be supported anymore and a special commission was 10) (create). The government aimed at resolving three problems at the same time. First of all, to not allow people 11) (live) in the countryside to leave their homes, secondly, to do the same with people m cities and, finally, to control and persecute "enemies" of the Soviet regime.

But passports were not given to everyone: only lo inhabitants of cities,workers, and those who lived in a sovkhoz: People in the countryside had nopassport and were 12) (prohibit) to leave their village for more than five days.

Citizens who were living abroad would not take their interior passports with them. If somebody planned to leave forever, he had to give his documents to a special department.
^ 2.8.7. Write an abstract of the text.

Unit 3. At the Customs
3.1. Pre-Text Assignments.
3.1.1. Practice the reading of the following words and guess their meaning:

cross, duty-free, license, border, quota, luggage, official, receipt, porter, personal, journey, declare, article, permission, regulation, item.
^ 3.1.2. Give the initial forms of the following words and state what parts of
speech they belong to:


smuggler restriction particular traveler declaration

liable writing importation different carefully
3.1.3. Check up the meaning of the following verbs:

to smuggle to include to take out cross to

to stipulate to declare to name to exceed
^ 3.1.4. Read the following words and their translation. Try to memorize the vocabulary:

CUSTOMS


regulations restrictions duty (duties)

таможенные таможенные таможенные

правила ограничения пошлины


  1. customs-house

  2. customs-office

  3. liable to duty




  1. duty-free




  1. duty-free quota list




  1. prohibited articles list




  1. to fall under restrictions

  2. to declare something
    (at the customs- house)




  1. particulars




  1. effects

  2. personal effects

  3. to go through one's luggage

  4. to smuggle

  5. to pass through

the customs (inspection)

  1. as the case might be

таможня

таможенное управление, таможня

подлежащий оплате таможенными пошлинами

не подлежащий оплате таможенными пошлинами

список предметов, разрешенный к беспошлинному ввозу

список товаров, ввоз или вывоз которых oграничен

подпадать под ограничения

сделать заявление о наличии вещей, облагаемых пошлиной (их стоимости, количестве, весе и т. д.)

необходимые сведения, подробности

движимое имущество

личные вещи

досматривать багаж

заниматься контрабандой

пройти таможенный досмотр
в зависимости от обстоятельств


^ 3.2. Read the text and translate it using the dictionary.

Text A

At the Customs House

The moment a traveller crosses the border their luggage is taken to the customs-house by porters. Every country has its own customs regulations, which stipulate what articles are liable to duty and what are duty-free.

Sometimes an article which falls under customs restrictions and is liable to duty is allowed in duty-free if the traveller does not exceed a certain fixed quota. These are listed in a duty-free quota list. Customs restrictions also include a prohibited articles list. This is a list of items which may not be brought into a country or taken out of it. An official paper (from the proper authorities) giving permission to take items, which fall under special customs restrictions, in or out of a country is known as an import or export license.

If the traveller has any item which comes under customs restrictions he is asked to declare it. That is, he is asked to name the item, stating its value and other particulars. The declaration is made either orally or in writing on a special form. The practice seems to vary in different countries. Upon payment of duty the traveller is given a receipt. As a rule personal effects are duty-free.

It sometimes happens that a passenger's luggage is carefully gone through in order to prevent smuggling. The formalities at the customs-house usually take some time. Only after passing through the customs does one realize that their journey is drawing to an end (or beginning, as the case might be).
^ 3.2.1. Answer the following questions:

  1. What are the duties of a customs inspector?

  2. What is the meaning of the question "Have you anything to declare" one hears at the customs-house so often?

  3. What is the phrase "I have nothing to declare" mean?

  4. Do customs restrictions vary in different countries?

  5. Have you ever gone through a customs inspection? If so relate your experience.

6) What is a duty-free item?

7) What do we mean by saying that something is an item liable to duty?

8) Why is smuggling punishable by law?

9) What does the Customs Inspected stamp stand for?

10) Can you name some of the "personal effects" one usually takes along
on a journey?
^ 3.2.2. Write an abstract of the text.
3.2.3. Give the English equivalents of the following collocations:

попадать под ограничения, осматривать (багаж), заниматься контрабандой, таможенный сбор, таможенная декларация, таможенное управление, личные вещи, пройти таможенный досмотр, таможенные правила, таможенные ограничения.
^ 3.2.4. Match the words and their explanation:

a. duty-free goods
b. to declare
c. effects (pl.)
d. to smuggle
e. restrictions
f. tariff
g. liable
h. border
i. luggage
j. value


  1. to make known publicly or officially, according to rules, custom, etc.; to make a full statement of property

  2. responsible , esp. in law for paying for something

  3. the cases, bags ,boxes, etc. of a traveler

  4. the dividing line between two countries

  5. things you can buy at airports or on ships without paying the full price because there is no tax on them

  6. belongings, personal property

  7. to take (esp. goods) from one country to another illegally

  8. a tax collected by a government, usually on goods coming into a country

  9. the worth of something in money or as compared with other goods

10) rules or laws that strictly
control what you are allowed to do

^ 3.3. Study the following pictures. Read the text and try to guess the meaning of the words printed in bold.

Text B

Pat arrived at the airport two hours ago to catch her plane to Tokyo. At the check-in-counter, a ticket agent looked at her ticket and her passport and her baggage was checked in (weighted on the scales). Pat's suitcases were very heavy, so she had to pay an excess baggage charge (amount of money for additional weight).

Next she was given a boarding pass (a ticket that allows her to get on the plane). The boarding pass has a seat number written on it, and Pat was given a window seat in the non-smoking section. Her suitcases were labeled and sent off to be loaded into the hold of the airplane.

While waiting for the flight to be called, Pat goes to the newsstand to buy a newspaper. Then she goes through the security check, where her carry-on luggage (the bags she is keeping with her on the plane) is searched. Then Pat goes into the duty-free shop where she has a chance to buy some things cheaply. The goods she buys here are cheap because they are not taxed.

^ 3.3.1. Answer the questions to the text:

  1. When you arrive at the airport you first go to the ... counter.

  2. You have to have a ... pass so that you can get on the plane.

  3. After the security check, you wait in the ... lounge.

  1. You can buy many things cheaply at the ... shop.

  2. When you hear the announcement, you go to the ... to board your plane.


^ 3.3.2. Find out English and Russian equivalents for the words presented below:

— check-in-counter

билет ––

багаж ––

излишек, превышение (багажа) —

–– load (v)

тележка ––

–– hold (n)

посадочный талон ––

–– departure lounge

магазин беспошлинной

торговли ––

–– gate

–– conveyor belt

весы ––

–– satchel

–– to check in

объявление —

–– security check

–– carry-on luggage
^ 3.4. Read the text and try to translate it without the dictionary.

Text C

Airport Tests Passenger Eye Ids

Heathrow Airport is testing a new hi-tech identity system which examines a passenger's eye, rather than their passport as they go through immigration control. Heathrow is the first UK airport to carry out a large-scale trial of the iris recognition technology, which was unveiled at the airport last Friday.

The aim is to speed up the movement of passengers through the terminal and detect illegal immigrants.

A total of 2,000 passengers who frequently fly from North America to Heathrow on Virgin and British Airways flights are taking part in the five-month trial.

Each passenger will have an image of one of their eye's iris stored on computer. Instead of showing their passport on arrival they will go into a kiosk where in seconds a camera will check that the pattern of their iris matches computer records. If so a barrier will automatically open.

The trial will test the technology and gauge passenger reaction.
^ 3.4.1. Guess the meaning of the following words by their explanation:

identity (n) sameness, who or what a particular

person or thing is;

iris (n) the round, coloured part of the eye;

gauge (v) to judge the worth, meaning , etc.,

of something or somebody's actions;
large-scale (adj) long, sophisticated;

trial (n) experiment;
pattern (n) model , sample;

to match (v) to be like or suitable for use;

image (n) a picture, a copy, (esp. in mind);

record (n) a written statement of facts, amounts,

events, etc.;

to detect (v) to find out, to notice
^ 3.4.2. Say whether the following statements are true or false:

  1. A new hi-tech identity system examines a passenger's ear rather than their passport as they go through immigration control.

  2. Heathrow is the first USA airport to carry out such an experiment.

  3. The aim of the system is to speed up the movement of passengers through the terminal.

  4. Passengers who frequently fly from North America to Heathrow are taking part in a six-month trial.

  5. Each passenger will have an image of their eyes' iris stored on computer.


^ 3.5. Grammar Assignments.
3.5.1. Find in the texts some sentences in the Active Voice, copy them into your exercise books, give simple grammar analysis of these sentences.
3.5.2. Find in the texts some sentences in the Passive Voice, copy them into your exercise books, give simple grammar analysis of these sentences.
^ 3.5.3. Find in the texts sentences with the Participles and define their forms and functions. See Grammar in Use section if necessary.
3.5.4. Supply prepositions or adverbs where necessary:

  1. It is the porters who always carry the passenger's luggage the hold of a ship or the luggage-van of a train the customs-house an inspection.

  1. This is duty-free according our customs regulations.

  2. Do you know whether there are any restrictions imported cameras in this country?

  1. Personal effects are usually duty-free if one does notexceed …… a certain quota.

  1. In a number of countries furs do not fall customs restrictions.

  2. Customs duties are taxed both imported as well as exported goods.


^ 3.5.5. The following statements are grammatically incorrect. Find the errors
and correct them:


  1. On the customs-house a passenger's luggage are carefully gone into customs inspectors. (3 errors)

  2. Sometimes customs inspector carefully search under the passenger's belongings to prevent smuggling. (2 errors)

  3. There are 150 % duty about this article. (2 errors)

  4. As soon as one's luggage cleared the customs special stamps are pasted onto it. (2 errors)

  5. It took me about two hour to go through all the formalities on the customs-house. (2 errors)


^ 3.5.6. Make up sentences with the Passive and Active Voice using the
following word combinations:


not liable to duty, to be subject to customs restrictions, to inspect one's luggage, to be released by the customs, to go through the customs, to have a greater amount of something.
Unit 4. Customs Declaration. Customs Clearing
^ 4.1. Pre-Text Assignments.
4.1.1. Read the following word and phrase list. Try to memorize all the words and word-groups:

customs tariffs

customs inspector

customs inspection

goods (items) liable to duty
to have something to declare

Have you got anything to declare?
to fill in a customs declaration

to smuggle something in/out
to exceed the quota

to leave something in the care of the

customs house

there is a duty of ... per cent on … over
make somebody pay duty on something

particulars of the amount, weight and value

customs clearing

to check something against the

invoice (contents list)

to license the exports (imports)

таможенные тарифы;

таможенный инспектор;

таможенная инспекция;

предметы, подлежащие оплате таможенными пошлинами;

располагать предметами, подлежащими декларированию;

заполнять таможенную декларацию;

ввозить/вывозить из страны что-либо нелегально;

превысить норму;

оставить что-либо на таможне;
на этот предмет следует уплатить пошлину в размере;

заставить кого-либо уплатить пошлину;

подробности, касающиеся кол-ва, веса и ценности предметов;

таможенная очистка;

сверять по накладной, списку;

выдать лицензию на ввоз/вывоз


^ 4.1.2. Complete the following sentences using the words and expressions from the word and phrase list. Try to think of as many variants as possible:

  1. Customs wars are waged between different countries so as to …

  2. Customs tariffs serve to …

  3. It is only natural that in war- time customs inspections are more …

  4. Customs houses are set up to …

  5. To declare an item is to …

  6. The opposite of reducing customs tariffs is to ...

  7. If one exceeds the quota …


^ 4.1.3. Translate the following from Russian into English:

  1. Я не знаю, что разрешается провозить беспошлинно.

  2. Вы не превысили норму. Оплате пошлиной эти вещи не подлежат.

  3. Я ничего не имею предъявить вам.

  4. Я не знал, что на эти предметы распространяются таможенные ограни-чения.

  5. Эти предметы подлежат таможенному обложению в размере 100 про-центов их стоимости.

  6. При переезде через границу вы обязаны сообщить об имеющейся у вас на руках иностранной валюте.

  7. Я вас прошу как можно скорее осмотреть мой багаж. Мой самолет вылетает через час.

  8. Вот лицензия Министерства Торговли на вывоз этого аппарата.

^ 4.1.4. Practice the reading of the following words and guess their meaning:citizenship, purpose, submit, separately, monetary, valuables, false, flight, middle, bond, currency, icons, precious, antiques.
4.1.5. Check up the meaning of the following verbs:

keep, render, arrive, submit, provide, require, purchase, list, signs.
^ 4.1.6. Give the initial forms of the following words and state what parts of speech they belong to:

commercial, currency, processed, duration, payment, properly, renewable, printed, recording, appliances, valuables, including.
4.2. Translate the following text in the written form using the dictionary

Text A

Tips for Travelers

Once your travel plans are confirmed, check the expiration date of your passport. It's also a good idea to make photocopies of the data page; leave one copy with someone at home and keep another with you, separated from your passport.

If you lose your passport, promptly call the nearest embassy or consulate and the local police; having a copy of the data page can speed replacement. You need only a valid passport to enter Great Britain for stays of up to 90 days.

When shopping, keep receipts for all of your purchases. Upon reentering the country, be ready to show customs officials what you've bought. If you feel a duty is incorrect, appeal the assessment. If you object to the way your clearance was handled, get the inspector's badge number.

In either case, first ask to see a supervisor, then write to the port director at the address listed on your receipt. Send a copy of the receipt and other appropriate documentation. If you still don't get satisfaction you can take your case to customs headquarters.
^ 4.2.1. Put the words in the right order to make sentences:

  1. a/ must/ not/ ticket/ travel/ without/ you.

  2. a/ need/ the/ to USA/ visa/ visit/ you.

  3. at/ check/ check-in-desk/ in/ luggage/ must/ the/ you/ your.

  4. at/ check-in-desk/ don't/ have/ passport/ show/ the/ to/ you/ your.


^ 4.3. Look through the following samples of customs declarations. Think of the way you can fill them in. Write your information in block capital letters.
SAMPLE A

Keep for the duration of your stay in Russia or abroad. Not renewable in case
of loss.

Persons giving false information in the Customs Declaration or to Customs officer shall render themselves liable under laws of Russia.

Full Name

Citizenship

Arriving from

Country of destination

Purpose of visit (business,tourism,private,etc.)
My luggage (including hand luggage) submitted for Customs Inspection consists of .... pieces. With me and in my luggage I have:

1. Weapons of all descriptions and ammunition

2. Narcotics and appliances for the use there of………………………………….

3. Antiques and objects of art (painting, drawings, icons, etc.) …………………

4. Russian currency, Russian State Loan bonds, etc ……………………………..

5. Currency other than Russian rubles (bank notes, exchequer bills, coins), payment vouchers (cheques, bills, letters of credit, etc.), securities (shares, bonds, etc.) in foreign currencies, precious metals (gold, silver, platinum, metals of platinum group) in any form or condition, crude and processed natural precious stones (diamonds, brilliants, rubies, emeralds, sapphires and pearls), jewellery and other articles made of precious metals and precious stones, and scrap thereof, as well as properly papers:
Description Amount/Quantity For official use

In figures/in words
Russian rubles, other currency, payment vouchers, valuables and any objects belonging to other person………..

I am aware that, in addition to the objects listed in the Customs Declaration, I must submit for inspection: printed matter, manuscripts, films, sound recordings, postage stamps, graphics, etc. plants, fruit, seeds, live animals and birds, as well as raw foodstuffs of animal origin and slaughtered fowl.

I also declare that my luggage sent separately consists of ... pieces.

Date .... Owner of luggage (signed) ....
SAMPLE B
Customs Declaration

customs use only Department of the
Treasury United States Customs
Service

Each arriving traveller or responsible family member must provide the following information (only ONE written declaration per family is required):

  1. Family Name

  1. First (Given) Name

  2. Middle Initial(s)

  3. Birth Date (day/mo/yr)……………………………………………

  4. Airline/Flight No. Or Vessel Name or Vehicle License No

  5. Number of Family Members travelling with You

7. (a) Country or Citizenship………………………………………..

8. (b) Country of Residence

9. (a) U.S. Address (Street Number /Hotel/Mailing Address in U.S.) ….

10. (b) U. S. Address (City)………………………………………………….. ..

11. (c) U.S. Address (State) ……

12. Countries visited on this trip prior to U.S. arrival………………………….

13. The purpose of my (our) trip is or was Business Personal

(Check one or both boxes, if applicable)

14. I am (We are) bringing fruits, plants, metals, food, soil, birds, snails, other live animals, wildlife products farm products; or, have been on a farm or ranch outside the U.S. Yes No

15. I am (We are) carrying currency or monetary instruments over $ 10.000 U.S., or foreign equivalent Yes No

16. I have (We have) commercial merchandise
U.S. or foreign (Check one box only) Yes No

17. The total value of all goods, including commercial

merchandise, I/we urchased or acquired abroad …………..

and am/are bringing to the U.S. is: (U.S. Dollars)
^ SIGN BELOW AFTER YOU READ NOTICE ON REVERSE

I have read the notice on the reverse and have made a truthful declaration.

Signature Date (day/month/year)
4.3.1. Translate the following sentences, words and phrases into English:

  1   2   3   4   5

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